Egg donation is a method by which the women, who have lost their ovary or ovulation skill because of any reason, are able to be mother. The fertility is a case that may be lost any time. Women now go through early menopause in younger ages because of unknown reasons. In addition to this, the women, who are applied operation on their ovaries and lose all or a certain part of ovarian tissue may also lose their fertility skill.
The surrogate motherhood is a method preferred by the women who congenitally do not have wombs and have abortions successively or whose wombs are not suitable for giving birth, homosexual partners or who would not like their body exposing deformation. The surrogate mother selection is very important.
The ejaculate of the male may not contain sperm cell. In this case, the sperm is received from the testis via injection (TESA) or by receiving pieces (TESE). The sperm obtained as a result of either method shall fertilize the egg, resulting in pregnancy. However, for the males from whose testis the sperm is not obtained, the sperm donation method may be applied.
Embryo Donation is a method preferred when neither the male has sperms nor the female has eggs. The embryos received from the couples who would like to donate or share their surplus embryos are used. According to the applied system, the fresh or frozen embryos are used.
First used for the women who go through menopause, this method was found to be a solution for the older women. Even if the ovaries may not be able to work, the womb keeps its potential to keep baby and get pregnant.
The information given the couples about the donor does not reveal the identity of the donor. The information includes the eye and hair color, where donor is from and blood group. However, his/her name, address and telephone shall not be given to the couples.
In order to provide pregnancy, three elements should combine: egg, sperm and womb. If the female does not provide egg and the male does not provide sperm, pregnancy will not occur. Donation is to provide egg or sperm from a third person apart from the expectant father-mother.